Project Topic Format

  1. Title
  2. Title Page
  3. Acknowledgement
  4. Certification
  5. Table of Contents
  6. List of Tables
  7. List of Figures
  8. List of Plates.
  9. Abstract
  10. Introduction
  11. Literature Review
  12. Methodology
  13. Results
  14. Discussions
  15. Conclusion
  16. References


A good title should contain fewest possible words that adequately describe the content as of the paper. Therefore, all words on the title should be chosen with great care, and their association with one another must be carefully managed. Some authors recommend maximum of 18words.

Title page

This page contains the title of your thesis and your personal details. Kindly consult your department for format.


You should acknowledge any significant help that you received from any individual or organization whether in the school or elsewhere. It is usually in this section that you acknowledge any outside financial assistance, such as grants contracts or fellowships.


This section requires you to officially proof that you carried out the research.


This contains the summary and provides a general overview of the information on a project. Ideally, an abstract should not exceed 250 words and should be designed to define clearly what is dealt with in the paper. The abstract should address the following: A sentence of the background of the study,  the principal objectives and scope of the investigation; describe the methodology employed and summaries of the results. It is usually the last section to be written after the completion of the project.

Note: No citation should be added. It should be in your language.


It should present with clarity, the nature and scope of the problem investigated. The background of the research; justification for the research; aims and objectives must be stated here.

Literature Review

It is usually extensive and no limit is set to the number of pages. However, only relevant and related information about previous works done on areas of research topic should be reviewed and must revolve around the scope of your project.

Materials and Methods

You must provide full details of all the materials and the methods used in the study. This must be clearly and logically presented in such a way that researcher from another planet can reproduce your work without the need to contact you. Ensure to make reference to any method you want to adopt from another researcher.


You should give some kind of overall description of the experiments, providing the “big picture” without repeating the experimental details previously provided in Materials and Methods. Most importantly, you should present the data and analysis.


Try to present the principles, relationships and generalizations shown by the result. Bear in mind, in a good discussion, you only discuss; you do not repeat the results. Point out any exceptions or lack of correlation and define unsettled points. Sho how your results and interpretations agree / contradict with previously published work.


State your conclusions as clearly as possible. This aspect reveals the contribution of the author to the relevant field of knowledge


In all references, the names of the authors, the title of the article, the year of publication, the Journal of publication, edition (volume) and page numbers. However, arrangements of this often vary from one department to the other.