- Title Page
- Table of Contents
- List of Tables
- List of Figures
- List of Plates.
- Literature Review
A good title should contain fewest possible words that adequately describe the content as of the paper. Therefore, all words on the title should be chosen with great care, and their association with one another must be carefully managed. Some authors recommend maximum of 18words.
This page contains the title of your thesis and your
personal details. Kindly consult your department for format.
You should acknowledge any significant help that you received
from any individual or organization whether in the school or elsewhere. It is
usually in this section that you acknowledge any outside financial assistance, such
as grants contracts or fellowships.
This section requires you to officially proof that you carried
out the research.
This contains the summary and provides a general overview
of the information on a project. Ideally, an abstract should not exceed 250 words
and should be designed to define clearly what is dealt with in the paper. The
abstract should address the following: A sentence of the background of the study, the principal objectives and scope of the
investigation; describe the methodology employed and summaries of the results.
It is usually the last section to be written after the completion of the
Note: No citation should be added. It should be in your
It should present with clarity, the nature and scope of
the problem investigated. The background of the research; justification for the
research; aims and objectives must be stated here.
It is usually extensive and no limit is set to the number
of pages. However, only relevant and related information about previous works
done on areas of research topic should be reviewed and must revolve around the
scope of your project.
Materials and Methods
You must provide full details of all the materials and
the methods used in the study. This must be clearly and logically presented in
such a way that researcher from another planet can reproduce your work without
the need to contact you. Ensure to make reference to any method you want to adopt
from another researcher.
You should give some kind of overall description of the
experiments, providing the “big picture” without repeating the
experimental details previously provided in Materials and Methods. Most
importantly, you should present the data and analysis.
Try to present the principles, relationships and
generalizations shown by the result. Bear in mind, in a good discussion, you
only discuss; you do not repeat the results. Point out any exceptions or lack
of correlation and define unsettled points. Sho how your results and
interpretations agree / contradict with previously published work.
State your conclusions as clearly as possible. This
aspect reveals the contribution of the author to the relevant field of
In all references, the names of the authors, the title of
the article, the year of publication, the Journal of publication, edition
(volume) and page numbers. However, arrangements of this often vary from one
department to the other.